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Travel Guide 2   >   Australia   >   History

   
 

Australian History


The first humans are believed to have arrived in Australia over 40,000 years ago. These people arrived via land-bridges and/or sea crossings from Southeast Asia, and became the indigenous people known as "aborigines". An additional and distinct group of early settlers, ethnically Melanesian, settled in the Torres Strait Islands (the Strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea) and the far North of Queensland.

Replica of James Cook's ship, HMB Endeavour, in Cooktown Harbour, 1988 Europeans first began to reach the area at the aroud the beginning of the 17th century. The first undisputed sighting of the Australian mainland was by the Dutch sea captain, William Janszoon in 1606. The Dutch are known to have chartered the western and northern shorelines of the continent during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement of what they called at the time "New Holland". In 1770, British navigator, James Cook mapped parts of the East coast of Australia: the region today known as New South Wales. Cook claimed the area for Great Britain.

The first British colony was established in New South Wales on January 26th, a day that is now remembered as "Australia Day". The British formerly claimed the western portions of Australia in 1859, and during the 19th century a whole series of separate British colonies were established around the continent. Much of this British colonization was based upon the transportation of convicts to penal colonies, and it was only in 1848 that the transportation of convicts to New South Wales stopped.

The arrival of Europeans had a drastic effect on the indigenous aboriginal population. This fell dramaticly from a high of 350,000 due to the infectious diseases, forced resettlements, and other factors. Indeed, although the issues remain highly controversial and disputed, some historians have characterized the events of the period as genocide.

In 1850s, the European population increased further thanks to a gold rush, and between 1855 and 1890, each of the six British colonies was separately granted responsible government - while the the colonies were autonomous in their internal affairs, they Britain retained control of foreign affairs and defense. In 1901, the six colonies were united in a federation known as the Commonwealth of Australia.

Australia participated in both World War I and World War II as part of the British Empire. To many Australians the events of the world wars, especially the Gallipoli campaign in World War I, and the Kokoda Track Campaign in World War II, were important milestones in Australia's path to independent nationhood.

Legally, Australia first moved towards independence from Britain with the Statue of Westminister in 1931 (although Australia did not ratify it until 1942, but then back dated its effect to 1939), which granted effective independence in most matters. Australia however did retain some constitutional ties with Britain for another 40 years, these only finally be severed with the passing of the Australia Act in 1986. It should be noted that the British Queen Elizabeth II is also Queen of Australia, and a 1999 national referendum rejected becoming a republic.

Here are some books about the history of Australia:


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Books about Australian History


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Fatal Contact: How Epidemics Nearly Wiped Out Australia’s First Peoples (Australian History)

By Peter Dowling

Monash University Publishing
Released: October 1st, 2021
Paperback (400 pages)

Fatal Contact: How Epidemics Nearly Wiped Out Australia’s First Peoples (Australian History)
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Fatal Contact: How Epidemics Nearly Wiped Out Australia’s First Peoples (Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Monash University Publishing
  • ISBN: 1922464465
  • EAN: 9781922464460
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 400
  • Author: Peter Dowling
  • Publication Date: October 1st, 2021
  • Release Date: October 1st, 2021
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  • Size: 6.0 Inches by 9.25 Inches by 0.8 Inches
  • Weight: 0.881849048 Pounds
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Australian History for Dummies

By Alex McDermott

Wiley
Released: May 16th, 2011
Paperback (448 pages)

Australian History for Dummies
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Australian History for Dummies
  • Manufacturer: For Dummies
  • Brand: Wiley
  • ISBN: 1742169996
  • EAN: 9781742169996
  • PartNumber: Illustrations, maps
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 448
  • Author: Alex McDermott
  • Publication Date: May 16th, 2011
  • Release Date: May 16th, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.999982 Inches by 7.299198 Inches by 1.401572 Inches
  • Weight: 1.6314207388 Pounds
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Let’s Learn About AUSTRALIA! - History books for children! Learn about AUSTRALIAN Heritage! Perfect for homeschool or home education!: Kid History: Teaching Children Around The World Book Series!

By Logan Stover

Independently published
Released: July 14th, 2021
Paperback (29 pages)

Let’s Learn About AUSTRALIA! - History books for children! Learn about AUSTRALIAN Heritage! Perfect for homeschool or home education!: Kid History: Teaching Children Around The World Book Series!
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Let’s Learn About AUSTRALIA! - History books for children! Learn about AUSTRALIAN Heritage! Perfect for homeschool or home education!: Kid History: Teaching Children Around The World Book Series!
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798537580560
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 29
  • Author: Logan Stover
  • Publication Date: July 14th, 2021
  • Release Date: July 14th, 2021
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.5 Inches by 5.5 Inches by 0.07 Inches
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The Proud 6th: An Illustrated History of the 6th Australian Division 1939–1946 (Australian Army History Series)

By Mark Johnston

Cambridge University Press
Released: January 19th, 2009
Hardcover (284 pages)

The Proud 6th: An Illustrated History of the 6th Australian Division 1939–1946 (Australian Army History Series)
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The Proud 6th: An Illustrated History of the 6th Australian Division 1939–1946 (Australian Army History Series)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521514118
  • EAN: 9780521514118
  • PartNumber: Illustrations, maps, ports.
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: Illustrated
  • Number of Pages: 284
  • Author: Mark Johnston
  • Publication Date: January 19th, 2009
  • Release Date: January 19th, 2009
Physical Description:
  • Size: 10.0 Inches by 7.0 Inches by 0.69 Inches
  • Weight: 1.6093745126 Pounds
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Genocide and Settler Society: Frontier Violence and Stolen Indigenous Children in Australian History (War and Genocide, 6)

Berghahn Books
Released: March 1st, 2005
Paperback (344 pages)

Genocide and Settler Society: Frontier Violence and Stolen Indigenous Children in Australian History (War and Genocide, 6)
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Genocide and Settler Society: Frontier Violence and Stolen Indigenous Children in Australian History (War and Genocide, 6)
  • Manufacturer: Berghahn Books
  • Brand: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1571814116
  • EAN: 9781571814111
  • PartNumber: map
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Publication Date: March 1st, 2005
  • Release Date: March 1st, 2005
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.21 Inches by 6.14 Inches by 0.72 Inches
  • Weight: 480.8 Grams
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Fashioned from Penury: Dress as Cultural Practice in Colonial Australia (Studies in Australian History)

By Margaret Maynard

Brand: Cambridge University Press
Released: January 1st, 1994
Hardcover (248 pages)

Fashioned from Penury: Dress as Cultural Practice in Colonial Australia (Studies in Australian History)
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Fashioned from Penury: Dress as Cultural Practice in Colonial Australia (Studies in Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521459257
  • EAN: 9780521459259
  • PartNumber: 25 b/w illus.
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Author: Margaret Maynard
  • Publication Date: January 1st, 1994
  • Release Date: January 1st, 1994
Physical Description:
  • Size: 10.0 Inches by 7.01 Inches by 0.56 Inches
  • Weight: 1.48591564588 Pounds
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  • Used Book in Good Condition
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The Captive Republic: A History of Republicanism in Australia 1788–1996 (Studies in Australian History)

By Mark McKenna

Cambridge University Press
Released: January 28th, 1998
Paperback (352 pages)

The Captive Republic: A History of Republicanism in Australia 1788–1996 (Studies in Australian History)
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The Captive Republic: A History of Republicanism in Australia 1788–1996 (Studies in Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521576180
  • EAN: 9780521576185
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 352
  • Author: Mark McKenna
  • Publication Date: January 28th, 1998
  • Release Date: January 28th, 1998
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  • Size: 9.0 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 0.88 Inches
  • Weight: 1.1464037624 Pounds
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Hunters and Collectors: The Antiquarian Imagination in Australia (Studies in Australian History)

By Tom Griffiths

Cambridge University Press
Released: April 28th, 1997
Paperback (432 pages)

Hunters and Collectors: The Antiquarian Imagination in Australia (Studies in Australian History)
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  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521483492
  • EAN: 9780521483490
  • PartNumber: Worked examples or Exercises
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 432
  • Author: Tom Griffiths
  • Publication Date: April 28th, 1997
  • Release Date: April 28th, 1997
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  • Size: 9.0 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.08 Inches
  • Weight: 1.3889122506 Pounds
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Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism

Oxford University Press, USA
Released: August 23rd, 2016
Hardcover (320 pages)

Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism
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Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism
  • Manufacturer: Oxford University Press
  • Brand: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 019875325X
  • EAN: 9780198753254
  • PartNumber: 9780198753254
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Publication Date: August 23rd, 2016
  • Release Date: August 23rd, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 6.2 Inches by 9.3 Inches by 0.9 Inches
  • Weight: 1.38009376012 Pounds
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A Second Chance: The Making of Yiddish Melbourne (Australian History)

By Margaret Taft

Monash University Publishing
Released: August 22nd, 2018
Paperback (344 pages)

A Second Chance: The Making of Yiddish Melbourne (Australian History)
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A Second Chance: The Making of Yiddish Melbourne (Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Monash University Publishing
  • Brand: Monash University Publishing
  • ISBN: 192549585X
  • EAN: 9781925495850
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Authors: Margaret Taft, Markus
  • Publication Date: August 22nd, 2018
  • Release Date: August 22nd, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.1 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.3 Inches
  • Weight: 0.881849048 Pounds
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